In the time of microservices and Kubernetes most of the java applications are deployed as Docker containers (Kubernetes pods) and old fashioned deployment to the application server or as a operating system service is rare but sometimes useful.
I will show how to simply install Spring boot application as a linux service and deploy the newer application version by the simple script.
At the beginning let’s assume we have ready Spring Boot application packaged as JAR file with embedded
web server. Next to the JAR file we could put
in order to parametrize application (see more about externalized configuration on Spring Boot documentation.
In this post I will show how to run Spring Boot app by the
systemd is the successor of the
System V init system and is now being used by many modern Linux distributions.
First of all create a service file in
/etc/systemd/system named e.g. myapp.service with the following content:
[Unit] Description=myapp After=syslog.target [Service] User=root WorkingDirectory=/var/app ExecStart=/root/.sdkman/candidates/java/current/bin/java -jar /var/app/myapp.war SuccessExitStatus=143 [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target
Remember to change the Description, User, and ExecStart fields for your application.
In the above case the working directory is set to
/var/app and the service is run by the root.
It is not always the best solution from security perspective - you should create separate user
account with proper permissions. You could also notice that ExecStart run normal java process
and points to the generated Spring Boot application package. Because the java is not added to the path
(you could use tools like SDKMAN) exec has full path to the java binary.
With the deployed app and prepared script notify
systemd about the service:
And enable service:
systemctl enable myapp.service
You could control new service with the give commands:
systemctl start myapp systemctl stop myapp systemctl restart myapp systemctl status myapp
When we configure the server side we need a Bash script
#!/usr/bin/env bash # configuration SERVER="email@example.com" KEY="~/.ssh/demo-server.pem" APP_NAME=myapp # prepare new jar/war (this is the old version of spring, with 2.X ./gradlew clean build) ./gradlew clean bootRepackage # stop remote service ssh -i $KEY $SERVER "sudo systemctl stop $APP_NAME" # move old var (backup old versions and logs - modify if needed) ssh -i $KEY $SERVER "cp /var/app/$APP_NAME.war /var/app/\$(date +%F-%H:%M)_$APP_NAME.war && cp /var/app/$APP_NAME.log /var/app/\$(date +%F-%H:%M)_$APP_NAME.log" # copy new app version to remote server scp -i $KEY ./build/libs/*.war $SERVER:/var/app/$APP_NAME.war # start remote service ssh -i $KEY $SERVER "sudo systemctl start $APP_NAME"
It’s a general script which helps you to build, stop remote service, copy current app version and start new service. It should be enough when you have some kind of demo server and need fast option to redeploy application.